"FAKE" and "FACT" in letter tiles sharing the "F"


Research within the past five years has suggested that individuals, especially young people, have a difficult time separating credible sources of information from questionable ones. From research covering the impact of fake news, misinformation, and disinformation on youth, to reports and guidelines covering ways to combat misinformation online, this guide provides an in-depth collection of resources related to the topic of fake news and youth.

Books & Chapters

Fake News: Separating Truth from Fiction (2019)
This book explores journalistic and fact-checking standards, real-world case studies, and helps adolescents identify the mechanics, perpetrators, motives, and psychology of fake news.

The Stewart/Colbert Effect: Essays on the Real Impact of Fake News (2011)
Widely utilized in high school and college media literacy curricula, this curation of ten interdisciplinary essays explore the issues engendered by the popularity of entertainment news.

Young People and the Future of News: Social Media and the Rise of Connective Journalism (2017)
Drawing on in-depth field work in three major urban areas over the course of ten years, this book sheds light on how young people share news that they think others should know about, express solidarity, and bring into being new publics and counter-publics.


American Educational Research Journal
Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
Journal of Communication Inquiry
Young Adult Library Services Association


Baumgartner, JC, Morris, JS. One “nation,” under Stephen? The effects of The Colbert Report on American youth. J Broadcast Electron Media. 2008;52(4):622-643. doi:10.1080/08838150802437487

Kahne J, Bowyer B. Educating for democracy in a partisan age: Confronting the challenges of motivated reasoning and misinformation. Am Educ Res J. 2017;54(1):3-34. doi:10.3102/0002831216679817

Lazer DMJ, Baum MA, Benkler Y, et al. The science of fake news. Science. 2018;359(6380):1094-1096. doi:10.1126/science.aao2998

Marchi R. With facebook, blogs, and fake news, teens reject journalistic “objectivity.” J Commun Inq. 2012;36(3):246-262. doi:10.1177/0196859912458700

Nightingale SJ, Wade KA, Watson DG. Can people identify original and manipulated photos of real-world scenes? Cogn Res Princ Implic. 2017;2(1):30. doi:10.1186/s41235-017-0067-2

Smith LN, McMenemy D. Young people’s conceptions of political information. J Doc. 2017;73(5):877-902. doi:10.1108/JD-03-2017-0041


Fake News, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Learning to Critically Evaluate Media Sources: What Is Fake News?
This resource is designed by Cornell University provides students with resources to better critically evaluate media sources.

Working to Stop Misinformation and False News
A guide published by Facebook’s VP of News Feed on how users can work to curtail misinformation and fake news.

How to Spot Fake News
Factcheck is administered by The Annenberg Public Policy Center, and this portal provides tips on how to spot fake news.

Real News About Fake News
From the Neiman Lab at Harvard University that publishes a roundup of the “growing stream of reporting on and data about fake news” and misinformation.

Real News/Fake News: About Fake News
A collection of tips, research, and fact-checking resources for college students from the University of California-Berkeley Library.

Researchers of Note

David M.J. Lazer
Melissa Zimdars
Sam Wineburg
Sarah McGrew

Policies & Guidelines

Dealing with Fake News: Policy and Technical Measures
MIT Internet Policy

A Guide to Anti-Misinformation Actions Around the World

News Media Ethics and Practices
Pew Research Center’s collection of publications, datasets and guidelines on media ethics.


Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning.
Stanford University

Many Americans Believe Fake News Is Sowing Confusion
Pew Research Center

News and America’s Kids: How Young People Perceive and Are Impacted by the News
Common Sense Media